On self-examination

On self-examination
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In the Quran, Allah Says (what means): {We will set up the scales of justice for the day of resurrection, and no soul shall be treated unjustly at all. And if there is [even] the weight of a mustard seed, We will bring it forth. And sufficient are We as accountants.} [Quran, 21:47] Allah also Says, (what means): {Let every soul see what it sends on before it for the day of account.} [Quran 59:18] Caliph ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattab  may  Allah  be  pleased  with  him said, “Call yourselves to account before you are called to account.

The righteous men and women are always fully aware that they have come into this world to carry on a spiritual undertaking the resulting gain or loss of which is Paradise or Hellfire. He, therefore, is a wise man who strife in worship and says to his soul, “O my soul, you have only one life; no single moment that has passed can be recovered, for in the counsel of Allah the number of breaths allotted to you is fixed, and cannot be increased. When life is over, no further spiritual work is possible for you; therefore what you do, do now; treat this day as if your life had been already spent and this were an extra day granted to you by the special favor of the Almighty. What can be greater folly than to lose it?

At the resurrection, a man will find all the hours of his life arranged like a long series of treasure-chests. The lid of one will be opened, and it will be seen to be full of light: it represents an hour which he spent in doing good. His heart will be filled with such joy that even a fraction of it would make the inhabitants of Hellfire forget the fire. The lid of a second will be opened; it is pitch-dark within, and from it issues such an evil odor as will cause everyone to hold his nose: it represents an hour which he spent in ill-doing, and he will suffer such terror that a fraction of it would embitter Paradise for the blessed. The lid of a third treasure-chest will be opened; it will be seen to be empty and neither light nor dark within: this represents the hour in which he did neither good nor evil. Then he will feel remorse and confusion like that of a man who has been the possessor of a great treasure and wasted it or let it slip from his grasp.

Thus the whole series of the hours of one's life will be displayed, one by one, to his gaze. Therefore a man should, say to his soul every morning, “Allah has given you twenty-four treasures; take heed lest you lose any one of them, for you will not be able to endure the regret that will follow such loss.”

The Remembrance of Allah

This consists in a man's remembering that Allah observes all his acts and thoughts. People only see the outward, while Allah sees both the outer and inner man.

When Zulaykhah, the king's wife, tempted Prophet Yoosuf (Joseph)  may  Allah  exalt  his  mention she cast a cloth over the face of the idol she used to worship. Yoosuf  may  Allah  exalt  his  mention said to her, “O Zulaykhah, you are ashamed before a block of stone, and should I not be ashamed before Him Who created the seven heavens and the earth?

‘Abdullah Ibn Deenar related, “Once I was walking with the Caliph ‘Umar  may  Allah  be  pleased  with  him near Makkah when we met a shepherd's slave-boy driving his flock. ‘Umar  may  Allah  be  pleased  with  him said to him, “Sell me a sheep.” The boy answered, “They are not mine, but my master's. Then, to try him, ‘Umar  may  Allah  be  pleased  with  him said, “Well, you can tell him that a wolf carried one off, and he will know nothing about it.” “No, he won't,” said the boy, “But Allah will.” ‘Umar  may  Allah  be  pleased  with  him wept, then sent for the boy's master, purchased him and set him free. He told the boy, “For this saying you are free in this world and shall be free in the next.

The Degrees of Remembrance

There are two degrees of recollection of Allah. The first degree is that of those righteous people whose thoughts are altogether absorbed in the contemplation of the Majesty of Allah and have no room in their hearts for anything else at all.

Allah the Almighty Says (what means): {The companions of the right hand.} [Quran 56:27] This is the second degree of the remembrance of Allah. The mentioned people are aware that Allah Knows all about them and feel abashed in His presence, yet they are not carried out of themselves by the thought of His Majesty, but remain clearly conscious of themselves and of the world. Their condition is like that of a man who should be suddenly surprised in a state of nakedness and should hastily cover himself, while the other class resemble one who suddenly finds himself in the presence of the King and is confused and awestruck. The former subject every project which enters their minds to a thorough scrutiny, for on the Last Day the following three questions will be asked respecting every action.

The first question: Why did you do this?

The second question: In what way did you do this?

The third question: For what purpose did you do this?

The first will be asked because a man should act from divine and not merely Satanic or fleshly impulse. If this question is satisfactorily answered, the second will test in what way the action was done, wisely, or carelessly and negligently, and the third question, whether it was done simply to please Allah, or to gain the approval of men. If a man understands the meaning of these questions he will be very watchful over the state of his heart, and how he entertains thoughts which are likely to end in action.

In addition to such cautious discrimination before acting, a man should call himself strictly to account for his past actions. Every evening he should examine his heart as to what he has done to see whether he has gained or lost in his spiritual capital. This is the more necessary as the heart is like a treacherous business partner, always ready to cajole and deceive; sometimes it presents its own selfishness under the guise of obedience to Allah, so that a man supposes he has gained, when in reality he has lost.

A righteous man named Amiya, sixty years of age, counted up the days of his life. He found them to be twenty-one thousand six hundred days. He said to himself, “Alas! If I have committed one sin every day, how can I escape from the load of twenty-one thousand six hun­dred sins?” He uttered a cry and fell to the ground; and when somebody tried to pick him up, they found him as dead. But most people are heedless, and never think of calling themselves to account. People count on their rosaries with self-satisfaction the numbers of times they have recited the name of Allah, but they keep no rosary for reckoning the numberless idle words they speak.

Finally, if a man finds himself sluggish and averse from austerity and self-disci­pline, he should consort with one who is a proficient in such practices so as to catch the contagion of his enthusiasm. One righteous man used to say, “When I grow lukewarm in self-discipline, I look at Muhammad Ibn Wasi', and the sight of him rekindles my fervor for at least a week.


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